Lithuania Tour , Lithuania tourism, tours to Lithuania, Lithuania tours, Vilnius travel , Vilnius tour , Lithuania Travel Guide ,Rumsiskes, Lithuania City Guides,Available Tours to Lithuania, Sightseeing, visit Lithuani , capital Vilnius, included tours in lt, visit lithuania, Baltic highlights, Baltia tourisme, information about baltia tours, Lithuanian Experience, Druskininkai, Kaunas, Nida , Language guide : English , Deutsch. Lithuania Tours & Sightseeing Excursions , Lithuania Travelogues, Tours and Guides, Lithuania Tour Package

The Cathedral

Baltia tour : baltia tours,baltic,baltik,tours,tour,tur,bti,travel,baltic travel,lithuania,lit,lt,liettua,litva,lietuva,litauen,lituanie,travel to lithuania,travel lithuania,holiday,holidays in lithuania,lithuanian holiday,lithuanian,weekend in lithuania,weekend in vilnius,weekend in kaunas,explore lithuania,explore,vilnius,kaunas,klaipeda,panevezys,siauliai,trakai,trok i,siluva,travel in lithuania,travelling around lithuania, travelling in lithuania, travel to lithuania, vilnius sightseeing,kaunas sightseeing,klaipeda sightseeing,lithuania,sightseeing,hotel,hotels lithuania,hotels in lithuania,hotels in vilnius,hotels in kaunas,hotels in klaipeda,discount travel,discount lithuania,travel europe,weekend promotion,hotel promotion,excursion promotion, excursion in grutas,excursion to grutas,excursion to trakai,excursion in trakai,excursion to vilnius,excursion in vilnius,excursion to kaunas,excursion in kaunas,excursion to central park of europe,excursion in central park of europe,center of europe,europe center,economy class

Vilnius Cathedral is Lithuania's spiritual and political center.

It is thought that in pagan times this was the location of an altar, an eternal fire, or even a temple to Perkūnas. King Mindaugas built the original cathedral in 1251 after his conversion to Christianity. In 1387, on the occasion of the official conversion of the whole of Lithuania to Christianity, a gothic style cathedral was built. The coronation ceremonies of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania from Vytautas to Žygimantas Augustas took place there. Due to fires, wars, and unstable ground, the Cathedral was rebuilt more than once. As a result, gothic, renaissance, and baroque styles are reflected in its architectural history.

The most beautiful part of the Cathedral, the baroque chapel of St. Casimir, was built in 1623 - 1636 at the initiative of King Sigismundus Vasa. The chapel contains a unique 18th century goblet-shaped pulpit and 18th century silver-plated statues of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania and Kings of Poland. After the last reconstruction was performed according to the design of Laurynas Stuoka-Gucevičius, the church acquired the strict quadrangular shape favored by French classicism. The Cathedral was the most monumental building with the purest classical style in the entire territory of the Polish-Lithuanian state (Rzeczpospolita). Now, a tall portico with 6 Doric columns and sculptures by the Italian sculptor, T. Righi, which stand in the niches, decorate the main facade of the Cathedral. The tympanum portrays the sacrifice of Noah.

The interior of the Cathedral is also very rich: there are more than 40 artworks from the 16th - 19th centuries inside, both frescoes and small and large pictures. A museum, with an exposition reflecting the history of the building from the pagan temple until the present day, is located in the Cathedral's catacombs. During the restoration of the Cathedral, the very first floor, laid in the days of Mindaugas, was found in addition to the remains of the cathedral built in 1387, the altars of a pagan temple, and other archaeological finds. A fresco dated to the end of the 14th century, the oldest known fresco in Lithuania, was found on the wall of one of the underground chapels.

The Cathedral's bell tower (57 m or 187 ft) was built atop a Lower Castle defensive tower. Its oldest underground square section was even built in the 13th century on the bottom of the old riverbed. The bell tower acquired its present appearance after the 1801 reconstruction.

For a good choice of hotels with discount prices, visit Place to stay in Vilnius for more information.

sightseeing,lithuania,sightseeing,hotel,hotels lithuania

Baltia tour - Tour in Lithuania